The same miRNA can act differently in different cell types

 R-chie double structure arc diagram by Daniel Lai, Jeff Proctor, Jing Yun and Irmtraud Meyer

 

Argonaute CLIP-Seq reveals miRNA targetome diversity across tissue types
[Via Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds]

To date, analyses of individual targets have provided evidence of a miRNA targetome that extends beyond the boundaries of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and can involve non-Watson-Crick base pairing in the miRNA seed region. Here we report our findings from analyzing 34 Argonaute HITS-CLIP datasets from several human and mouse cell types. Investigation of the architectural (i.e. bulge vs. contiguous pairs) and sequence (Watson-Crick vs. G:U pairs) preferences for human and mouse miRNAs revealed that many heteroduplexes are “non-canonical” i.e. their seed region comprises G:U and bulge combinations. The genomic distribution of miRNA targets differed distinctly across cell types but remained congruent across biological replicates of the same cell type. For some cell types intergenic and intronic targets were more frequent whereas in other cell types mRNA targets prevailed. The findings suggest an expanded model of miRNA targeting that is more frequent than the standard model currently in use. Lastly, our analyses of data from different cell types and laboratories revealed consistent Ago-loaded miRNA profiles across replicates whereas, unexpectedly, the Ago-loaded targets exhibited a much more dynamic behavior across biological replicates.

Scientific Reports 4 doi: 10.1038/srep05947

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People are just now getting some understanding about microRNA (miRNA) – small, non-translated pieces of RNA that can control gene expression and translation.

And, the miRNA can not only form standard nucleic acid bas-pairing – the same type Watson and crick originally described – buyt also form unusual and novel interactions.

These finding substantially open up the possible targets for miRNA as well as their effects.